Traffic Lights:Green, Amber and Red are
used to rank and weight 2-card hands based on probabilities of winning games. The system gives each card a score.
Extra points are given for:
Pairs, Suited and Connected cards.
This is justified because it increases the Ways-of-Winning and the number of outs. A pair-in-the-hand often wins the game. Having
Suited Cards increases
the chances of a Flush. Connected Cards increase the chances of a straight. Having two Court Cards
increases the chances of getting a high pair.
Generally any pair with one card <7, except A & K is a poor bet , with Q & J combinations only worthy for 2-3 players.
Number of Ways of winning is an extra consideration which is incorporated into the bonus scores system for pairs connected and suited and all A cards. The scoring system is based on the probabilities of winning with a hand of two cards.
See Resources for analysis of how the hand scores relate to the probabilities.
These Traffic Lights Rules is related to the Thrice is Nice Rule-of-Thumb.
NOTE: There are 169 possible two-card combos that can be dealt. Of these about 30 meet the criteria below (>7) => about 1:5 deals.
RULES OF THUMB for Starting Pairs ||
RED shows extra options-few players
No Card < 7
EXCEPT A & K Combos SUITED All =>
AA AK AQ AJ A10 A9 A8 A7 |+| SUITED A6 A5 A4 A3 A2 early All => KK KQ KJ K10 K9 K8, K7 |+|
SUITED K6 K5 K4 K3 K2 early few players All => QQ QJ Q10
|+|
SUITED Q9 Q8 Q7 early few players All => JJ
|+| SUITED J10 PAIRS > 7
(others early for Triples)
Adjacent and Adjoining Cards >6 & SUITED
Aim to play fewer players with weaker cards => play in late position or natural low numbers
On the button or one before can play weaker hands mostly A => 2, K => 2 (unsuited) in shoot-out, Q => 7 (suited), but BOTH > 6 is safer. Expect weaker
opponents, bet to steal the blinds when you can, reduced competition. Can try suited connectors as well.
ACE with kicker hands <7 are problematic as more A's out there => only play with 3-4 players and LATE in hand. Except very late in the 'game shoot' out, when few players remain
Ride with a best, or second best, pair match, 'bird in the hand', but watch the betting as what you probably have is obvious, and look at what others may have. Early small bet is good for testing waters
Pre-bet Early for AA, AKs, AQs, KK, QQ, KQs Middle/Late AKo, AQo, AJo, KQo, QTs, JTs, TT, 99 only, rarely call others pre-bet unless have gun hand. Range of card strength of opponents varies,
but generally they will have good cards => need to be sure you can beat them. Aim for a 3-bb raise. Reason to Pre-Bet. Collect blinds.
Reduce the number of players, eliminating poor hands that can jag a win, cream of the pot left. Increase pot size.
Be aggreesive. Raise from late position as often as possible, but those in will continue with bad hands and if few already not needed.
Early => Look-see with weaker hands and low value pairs <7, cost is low
Middle => Play tight with Premium Hands
Late => Higher Cards are better A K Q J its a shoot out! Straights and flushes are less important. Low pairs come back to the fore, Play weaker cards, try for Both Cards >7
Key error
=> Don't continue with good (winning?) hand when high bet against you => key way of losing =>
Read the signs in ways of losing + beware of triples. Your opponent can guess your hand especially with single high pair. High bluff is rare.
The System
Card Scores
A => 6
K => 5
Q => 4
J,T(10) => 3
9,8,7 => 2
6,5,4,3,2 => 1
Extra Scores
Pair => extra 4
Suited => extra 2
Connected => extra 1
Suited & Connected => extra 3
Traffic Lights Ranking
Simplified Traffic Lights Ranking Rules
Traffic Lights Ranking - Full Details & Hand Listings
Note: Pairs with more than two ways of winning are shown in RED
Lime Green - Best Bets Rules
Pairs AA, KK, QQ, JJ, TT
AK, KQ, AQ, AJ, A10 suited and unsuited
KJ, K10 suited
A9, A8, A7 Suited
A6, A5, A4, A3, A2 Suited [Less than Four Players]
Lime Green Hand Rank Scores
AA => 16
AKsc => 14
KK => 14
AQs => 13
AKoc => 12
KQsc => 12
QQ => 12
AQo => 11
AJs => 11
ATs => 11
KJs => 11
KTs => 11
A9,8,7s => 10
KQoc => 10
QJsc => 10
JJ => 10
TT => 10
AJo => 9
ATo => 9
A6,5,4,3,2 suited => 9
Green - Good Bets Rules
QT, JT suited
KJ, KT unsuited
A9, A8, A7 suited and unsuited
A6, A5, A4, A3, A2 suited
K9, K8, K7, K6, K5, K4, K3, K2 suited
Green Hand Rank Scores
K9,8,7s => 9
QTs => 9
JTsc => 9
A9,8,7o => 8
KJo => 8
KTo => 8
K6,5,4,3,2s => 8
QJoc => 8
Orange - Cautious Bet Rules
Pairs: 99, 88, 77, 66, 55, 44, 33, 22
Any hands with BOTH cards 7 or higher
A6, A5, A4, A3, A2 unsuited
Q6, Q5, Q4, Q3, Q2 suited
Orange Hand Rank Scores
Q9,8,7s => 8
Q6,5,4,3,2s => 8
T9sc => 8
99 => 8
88 => 8
77 => 8
A6,5,4,3,2o => 7
K9,8,7o => 7
QTo => 7
JToc => 7
J9,8,7s => 7
T8,7s => 7
98sc => 7
87sc => 7
98sc => 7
Q9,8,7o => 6
J9,8,7o => 5
T8,7o => 5
T9oc => 6
97s => 6
98oc => 5
87oc => 5
97o => 4
Red - Rare Bet Rules
No bets when one card is < 7
EXCEPT
Cards BOTH suited & connected
Q6, Q5, Q4, Q3, Q2 suited
J6, J5, J4, J3, J2 suited
T6, T5, T4, T3, T2 suited
Red Hand Rank Scores
K6,5,4,3,2o => 6
J6,5,4,3,2s => 6
T6,5,4,3,2s => 6
76sc => 6
75,4,3,2o => 6
66 => 6
55 => 6
44 => 6
33 => 6
22 => 6
Q6,5,4,3,2o => 5
96,5,4,3,2s => 5
86,5,4,3,2s => 5
76oc => 5
J6,5,4,3,2o => 4
T6,5,4,3,2o => 4
65sc => 4
64,3,2s => 4
54sc => 4
53,2s => 4
43sc => 4
42s => 4
32sc => 4
96,5,4,3,2o => 3
86,5,4,3,2o => 3
75,4,3,2s => 3
65oc => 3
54oc => 3
43oc => 3
32oc => 3
64,3,2o => 2
53,2o => 2
42o => 2
Two card Selection for the System
AA
AKs
AQs
AJs
ATs
A9s
A8s
A7s
A6s
A5s
A4s
A3s
A2s
AKo
KK
KQs
KJs
KTs
K9s
K8s
K7s
K6s
K5s
K4s
K3s
K2s
AQo
KQo
QQ
QJs
QTs
Q9s
Q8s
Q7s
Q6s
Q5s
Q4s
Q3s
Q2s
AJo
KJo
QJo
JJ
JTs
J9s
J8s
J7s
J6s
JSs
J4s
J3s
J2s
ATo
KTo
QTo
JTo
TT
T9s
T8s
T7s
T6s
T5s
T4s
T3s
T2s
A9o
K9o
Q9o
J9o
T9o
99
98s
97s
96s
95s
94s
93s
92s
A8o
K8o
Q8o
J8o
T8o
98o
88
87s
86s
85s
84s
83s
82s
A7o
K7o
Q7o
J7o
T7o
97o
87o
77
76s
75s
74s
73s
72s
A6o
K6o
Q6o
J6o
T6o
96o
86o
76o
66
65s
64s
63s
62s
ASo
K5o
Q5o
J5o
T5o
95o
85o
75o
65o
55
54s
53s
52s
A4o
K4o
Q4o
J4o
T4o
94o
84o
74o
64o
54o
44
43s
42s
A3o
K3o
Q3o
J3o
T3o
93o
83o
73o
63o
53o
43o
33
32s
A2o
K2o
Q2o
J2o
T2o
92o
82o
72o
62o
52o
42o
32o
22
high
mod
+ > 6
Counts
A to 7 all
113
A6 to 2 s
49
K to 7 all
113
K6 to 2 s
49
Q to T all
33
Q9 to 7 s
21
JJ JT all
17
AA to 77
8
Suited Con
16
Total
300
with
420
2562 -> 2-card
combinations
1:10
1:7
Poker Truisms
Position,
Patience
Confidence
Be the aggressor, not the victim, nor the limper
What matters more than what you have is what your opponents think you have - foundation of bluffing.
Seldom call an all-in (pre-flop) with less than AA or KK.
80% of the time, a large bet/raise means 2 pair or a set.
Start with a pair, End with a pair.
The Average Winning Hand in hold’em is 2 pair.
Remember, AK and AQ are just drawing hands - You will miss the flop 73% of the time.
The good stuff is generally in the small-medium pots.
Take as much chance out of the game as you can. Read the signs in the flop and bets and the table mood.
It’s often the good hands or failed big cards that you that get you into trouble.
A good player knows when to fold a good hand.
The other players miss the flop as often as you do and get a full house with cards you fold as often as you do.
Suited cards are better than non-suited, but not by as much as you might think (+5%).
Having both start > 6 gives two ways of getting a pair and they provide a kicker for each other => increases the odds for a winning pair.
Ace Rag (unsuited) Ace with a low kicker A9, A8, A7, A6, A5, A4, A3, A2 are danger cards, generally fold unless few players remain in the hand. Same applies for K
Small to medium pairs unsuited are of low value => position and number of players is the pkey. Your pair will hit a set about 10% of the time
Push for a win when you are in control. Let go the risky races with uncertainty, fold.
The probability of complete a straight with 2 connected cards is about 2.6%
The probability of completing a flush with 2 suited cards is about 2.4% (so flush is harder).
Tthe probability of completing either a straight or flush with a 2 suited connected cards is about 2.8% + 2.4% = 5.2%.
The probability of completing a straight with 3 connected cards is about 13.1%.
The probability of completing a flush with 3 suited cards is about 25.2%. (double that for completing a straight).
Two Times Rule: After the flop, multiplying the number of outs by 2 gives an estimate of the probability of hitting your outs by the next card.
Four Times Rule: After the flop, multiplying the number of outs by 4 gives an estimate of the probability of hitting your outs by the river.
EXTRA
Only go all in in desperation with few players and seldom as a call - too risky. Better when you see the flop cards
Play with 1-2 overcards after the flop if cost is small
Keep late position plays with weaker cards to A and K, best >7 and Suited
2 cards >7 works because have 2 pairing options, both supported by good kicker
Play from gun and single bind as single pair shoot-out => expect weaker hands with 1 to 3 players only involved - A & K are best
Use Natural low player numbers early, by playing late, otherwise too many options for other players and also gets swamped by larhe pre-flops
Avoid Calling All-ins - high risk especially with more than one other player